What are the functions of motherboard?

What are the functions of motherboard?

The motherboard serves as a single platform to connect all of the parts of a computer together. It connects the CPU, memory, hard drives, optical drives, video card, sound card, and other ports and expansion cards directly or via cables. It can be considered as the backbone of a computer.

What is the function of motherboard PDF?

PARTS AND FUNCTIONS OF MOTHERBOARD The computer Motherboard or shortly MOBO is one of the most important part of the Personal computer (PC). It is a hardware of the computer installed inside the system unit(CPU). This MOBO hardware act as the main board or the central or core assembly of the computer system unit.

What are the parts of motherboard and its functions?

The motherboard is sometimes shortened to Mobo. Numerous major components, crucial for the functioning of the computer, are attached to the motherboard. These include the processor, memory, and expansion slots. The motherboard connects directly or indirectly to every part of the PC.

What are the 2 main components of a motherboard?

While motherboards have many components, the two main items are the random access memory (RAM) and the central processing unit (CPU).

What are the three functions of the motherboard BIOS?

BIOS identifies, configures, tests and connects computer hardware to the OS immediately after a computer is turned on. The combination of these steps is called the boot process.

What is the advantage of motherboard?

Upgradability. A durable motherboard may lengthen the computer’s life and save you on peripheral replacement parts. A motherboard is itself upgradable.

What are the 10 parts of motherboard?

Motherboard Diagram

1. CPU socket 2. Chipset 3. DIMM/RAM slots
4. PCIe x16 slot 5. PCI x1 slot 6. M.2 connector
7. SATA ports 8. Front panel connectors 9. USB 2. header
10. USB 3.1 Gen1 header 11. USB 3.1 Gen2 header 12. ATX power connector
13. CPU power connector 14. BIOS chips 15. CMOS battery

What are the types of motherboard?

Motherboards come in three main sizes, from largest to smallest: ATX, Micro-ATX and Mini-ITX (Yes, Mini is smaller than Micro). You can use a smaller chassis with the micro or mini boards, but you’ll have to settle for fewer PCIe slots, RAM slots and other connectors.

What are the functions of a processor?

The four primary functions of a processor are fetch, decode, execute and write back. Fetch- is the operation which receives instructions from program memory from a systems RAM. Execute- is where the operation is performed. Each part of the CPU that is needed is activated to carry out the instructions.

What are the 16 parts of motherboard?

Motherboard Components and Their Functions

  • CPU (Central Processing Unit) chip.
  • RAM (Random Access Memory) slots.
  • Southbridge/northbridge.
  • BIOS (Basic Input/Output System)
  • I/O port.
  • USB (Universal Serial Bus)
  • CPU slot.
  • PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) slot.

What is the most important part of the motherboard?

The motherboard is the most important component within a PC system. A motherboard is the main printed circuit board found in computers. It holds many of the crucial electronic components of the system, such as the CPU and memory and provides connectors for other peripherals.

What are the 11 parts of motherboard?

Parts of Motherboard

  • RAM Chip and RAM Slot.
  • CPU Chip and Socket.
  • PCI Slots.
  • ROM Chip.
  • Accelerated Graphics Port.
  • North Bridge.
  • SouthBridge.
  • CMOS Battery.

What are the four components of motherboard?

Components of Motherboard

  • Keyboard and mouse. There are mainly 2 types of mouse and keyboard connectors. …
  • Universal Serial Bus (USB) The USB port is used for connecting the computer system. …
  • Parallel port. …
  • CPU chip. …
  • RAM slots. …
  • Floppy Controller. …
  • IDE controller. …
  • PCI slot.

What is CMOS battery?

The CMOS battery powers your laptop’s BIOS firmware, which is responsible for booting up your computer and configuring data flow. You can tell if your CMOS battery has died if your laptop has difficult booting up, if drivers disappear, and if your laptop’s date and time are incorrect.

What are types of RAM?

There are two main types of RAM: Dynamic RAM (DRAM) and Static RAM (SRAM).

  • DRAM (pronounced DEE-RAM), is widely used as a computer’s main memory. …
  • SRAM (pronounced ES-RAM) is made up of four to six transistors.

What does a motherboard contain?

A motherboard is also known as the system board or the main board. The motherboard accommodates the central processing unit (CPU), random access memory (RAM), expansion slots, heat sink and fan assembly, basic input/output system (BIOS) chip, chipset, and the circuitry that interconnects the motherboard components.

How many components are there in motherboard?

There are three main basic components in the computer system which runs the whole system and they are Motherboard, Processor and the Memory. I will explain the motherboard and all its subparts in detail in this blog and the Processors and the Memory in the coming blogs.

What is the difference between CMOS and BIOS?

The BIOS is the program that starts a computer up, and the CMOS is where the BIOS stores the date, time, and system configuration details it needs to start the computer. The BIOS is a small program that controls the computer from the time it powers on until the time the operating system takes over.

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