What are the parts of the motherboard and its functions?

What are the parts of the motherboard and its functions?

These key components include the CPU itself, the main memory, the secondary cache, and any devices situated on the buses. A chipset also controls data flow to and from hard disks and other devices connected to the IDE channels.

What are the 10 parts of motherboard?

Motherboard Diagram

1. CPU socket 2. Chipset 3. DIMM/RAM slots
4. PCIe x16 slot 5. PCI x1 slot 6. M.2 connector
7. SATA ports 8. Front panel connectors 9. USB 2. header
10. USB 3.1 Gen1 header 11. USB 3.1 Gen2 header 12. ATX power connector
13. CPU power connector 14. BIOS chips 15. CMOS battery

What is the function of motherboard PDF?

PARTS AND FUNCTIONS OF MOTHERBOARD The computer Motherboard or shortly MOBO is one of the most important part of the Personal computer (PC). It is a hardware of the computer installed inside the system unit(CPU). This MOBO hardware act as the main board or the central or core assembly of the computer system unit.

What are the 16 parts of motherboard?

Motherboard Components and Their Functions

  • CPU (Central Processing Unit) chip.
  • RAM (Random Access Memory) slots.
  • Southbridge/northbridge.
  • BIOS (Basic Input/Output System)
  • I/O port.
  • USB (Universal Serial Bus)
  • CPU slot.
  • PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) slot.

What are the functions of motherboard?

The motherboard serves as a single platform to connect all of the parts of a computer together. It connects the CPU, memory, hard drives, optical drives, video card, sound card, and other ports and expansion cards directly or via cables. It can be considered as the backbone of a computer.

What is motherboard explain its function?

The motherboard is the backbone that ties the computer’s components together at one spot and allows them to talk to each other. Without it, none of the computer pieces, such as the CPU, GPU, or hard drive, could interact. Total motherboard functionality is necessary for a computer to work well.

What is CMOS battery?

The CMOS battery powers your laptop’s BIOS firmware, which is responsible for booting up your computer and configuring data flow. You can tell if your CMOS battery has died if your laptop has difficult booting up, if drivers disappear, and if your laptop’s date and time are incorrect.

What is a PCI port?

Peripheral Component Interconnect, or PCI, is the most common way to attach add-on controller cards and other devices to a computer motherboard. This type of connector originated in the early 1990s, and is still in use today. Presently, there are three main PCI motherboard connectors (usually referred to as “slots”.)

What are types of RAM?

There are two main types of RAM: Dynamic RAM (DRAM) and Static RAM (SRAM).

  • DRAM (pronounced DEE-RAM), is widely used as a computer’s main memory. …
  • SRAM (pronounced ES-RAM) is made up of four to six transistors.

How many components are there in motherboard?

There are three main basic components in the computer system which runs the whole system and they are Motherboard, Processor and the Memory. I will explain the motherboard and all its subparts in detail in this blog and the Processors and the Memory in the coming blogs.

What are two main components on the motherboard?

While motherboards have many components, the two main items are the random access memory (RAM) and the central processing unit (CPU).

What are the types of motherboard?

Motherboards come in three main sizes, from largest to smallest: ATX, Micro-ATX and Mini-ITX (Yes, Mini is smaller than Micro). You can use a smaller chassis with the micro or mini boards, but you’ll have to settle for fewer PCIe slots, RAM slots and other connectors.

What are the four components of motherboard?

Components of Motherboard

  • Keyboard and mouse. There are mainly 2 types of mouse and keyboard connectors. …
  • Universal Serial Bus (USB) The USB port is used for connecting the computer system. …
  • Parallel port. …
  • CPU chip. …
  • RAM slots. …
  • Floppy Controller. …
  • IDE controller. …
  • PCI slot.

What is ATX and micro ATX?

Micro ATX is one of the offshoots of ATX, and its main difference from the main ATX form factor is size. ATX retains a generally rectangular board size measuring 305mm. by 244mm. Micro ATX is a more even square which retains the 244mm. width but cuts down the length to by 61mm.

What is chipset motherboard?

The chipset is a silicon backbone integrated into the motherboard that works with specific CPU generations. It relays communications between the CPU and the many connected storage and expansion devices.

What are the three functions of the motherboard BIOS?

BIOS identifies, configures, tests and connects computer hardware to the OS immediately after a computer is turned on. The combination of these steps is called the boot process.

What does a motherboard contain?

A motherboard is also known as the system board or the main board. The motherboard accommodates the central processing unit (CPU), random access memory (RAM), expansion slots, heat sink and fan assembly, basic input/output system (BIOS) chip, chipset, and the circuitry that interconnects the motherboard components.

What is the function of RAM?

RAM is a temporary memory bank where your computer stores data it’s currently working on. RAM keeps data easily accessible so that it can be retrieved quickly, meaning your processor doesn’t have to go into long-term storage to complete immediate processing tasks.

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